MOOC (Massive Open Online Course, or "MOOC" for short) originated in Canada in 2008, and the name was first proposed by Canadian scholars Dave Cormier and Bryan Alexander. In 2012, it was promoted by three MOOC companies, Coursera, MITx and Buy email list Udacity in the United States, and quickly attracted widespread attention around the world, becoming one of the hottest topics in the global education field in recent years.
Udacity, one of the "three giants in the MOOC industry", successfully attracted more than 753,000 learners to register for study in its first year of operation in 2012 (Udacity official website, 2012); Coursera has more than 4.647 million registered learners within one year of its establishment in 2012 , offering 437 online courses. In 2016, 23 million people around the world enrolled in MOOC courses for the first time. A quarter of these are registered through regional MOOC platforms such as Xuetangxing. The total number of students enrolled in at least one course is 58 million. (Source class-central, the world's largest MOOC aggregation platform)
Let's talk about the origin
It is generally believed that the MOOC course model originated from Internet-based open courses, which can be traced back to 2007, when Professor David Wiley of Utah State University launched a wiki-based course called "Intro to Open Education (INST 7150)". Online open courses, users around the world can share course resources and participate in the course. Subsequently, in January 2008, Professor Alec Couros of the University of Regina (University of Regina) in Canada opened an online open course, "Me⁃dia and Open Education (EC&I 831)", and invited many experts from all over the world to participate in the teaching remotely . These two open courses have laid the foundation for the birth of MOOC, a new course model, ideologically and technically, which can be said to be the predecessor of MOOC.
Let's take a look at Wikipedia's definition of MOOC: It is an online classroom for the general public, and people can learn online classrooms through the Internet. MOOC is the latest development in distance education, which is a form of open educational resources developed.
"M" stands for Massive (large-scale), compared with traditional courses, a MOOC course can have hundreds of thousands or even millions; the second letter "O" stands for Open (open), as long as you want to learn, you can go through the Internet Free registration, no restrictions (of course, there will be some paid courses later); the third letter "O" stands for Online (online), through the network to complete the course study, homework, exams and other content, no need to go offline; the fourth letter "C" stands for Course, which means course.